BEAM JOURNAL OF ARTS AND SCIENCE
The Beam is a multi-disciplinary peer-reviewed academic journal of Umaru Ali Shinkafi Polytechnic Sokoto State. It is dedicated to the scholarly study in all disciplines of knowledge. Though, more attention is on original researches conducted in the areas of Arts and Humanities (i.e. Education, History, Linguistics, English, Hausa, Arabic, Islamic studies etc.), Social Sciences (Geography, Economics, Sociology, Political science etc.), and Management Sciences (Business administration, Public administration, Accounting etc.). The four types of academic contributions considered for publication in this journal are: research articles reporting findings of original work, book reviews, short research notes and opinion papers from renowned scholars.
Editorial
I have the pleasure to introduce to the academic community and the rest of the reading public, the 9th edition of The Beam: Journal of Arts & Science, Umaru Ali Shinkafi Polytechnic Sokoto. This journal aims at disseminating discoveries as well as other research output and findings in the art and science disciplines towards achieving sustainable educational development in Nigeria. Thus, all articles published in this journal have been subjected to extensive review process to ensure originality and conformity with the required academic standards of writings. However, opinions and views expressed in such articles remain the ownership of the respective authors. It is my hope that this 9th edition will not only find good reading among intellectuals and academics but will also contribute immensely to the promotion of academic standard and by extension, to the socio-economic well-being of our society.
I wish you a happy reading.

Thank you.
Prof. Aminu. A. Ibrahim
Editor-in-Chief
(Rector, Umaru Ali Shinkafi Polytechnic Sokoto)



Vol 12 No1(2019) Table Of Contents
OPEN GOVERNMENT POLICY THROUGH INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY: PATHWAY TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
Ajibade, EyitayoOlalekan and Makinde, WasiuAbiodun
JOB STRESS AND MEDICAL SOCIAL WORKERS PERFORMANCE IN NIGERIA: A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
Yahaya Umar Namahe, Saidu Ibrahim Dandange
ASSESSING THEQUALITIES OF ISLAMIC STUDIES TEACHERS IN SOKOTO SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA SOKOTO STATE OF NIGERIA
Bashar Ibrahim, Abubakar Aminu, Abubakar Ibrahim ,Usman Mohammed
SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS OF RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION IN NIGERIA
Kabiru Musa, Saidu Ibrahim Dandange, Yahaya Umar Namahe
SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS OF RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION IN NIGERIA
Kabiru Musa, Saidu Ibrahim Dandange, Yahaya Umar Namahe
A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE CHALLENGES AND WAY FORWARD OF HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IN ABIA AND IMO STATES PUBLIC LIBRARY SERVICES
Chidi Ouoha Kalu, CLN, Mafe, Titilola Abigail (Mrs), Eke O. Eke, CLN
SELECTED LANGUAGES AND THEIR POLICIES IN AFRICA
Hajara Yahaya Bello, Mode Marafa
SELECTED LANGUAGES AND THEIR POLICIES IN AFRICA
Hajara Yahaya Bello, Mode Marafa
PAYMENT VOUCHERS AND VALUATION CERTIFICATE
Muhammadu Buhari Dodo, Muh?d Hamza, Garba Yusuf
PAYMENT VOUCHERS AND VALUATION CERTIFICATE
Muhammadu Buhari Dodo, Muh?d Hamza, Garba Yusuf
CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY: A VERITABLE TOOL FOR CORPORATE IMAGE-MAKING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
BuikeOparaugo, NasiruAlhajiSalihu
CONTINUOUS ASSESSMENT AND FINANCIAL CONSTRAINTS IN AFRICAN STATES
Muhammadu Buhari Dodo, Usman LadanKurya, Garba Yusuf
CONTINUOUS ASSESSMENT AND FINANCIAL CONSTRAINTS IN AFRICAN STATES
Muhammadu Buhari Dodo, Usman LadanKurya, Garba Yusuf
ECONOMIC RECESSION AND THE ACTIVITIES OF SMALL AND MEDIUM SCALE ENTERPRISES: A REVIEW
Amos AnyeshaAudu, Douglas Samson Iya, Danjuma Hassan Naisla,
ECONOMIC RECESSION AND THE ACTIVITIES OF SMALL AND MEDIUM SCALE ENTERPRISES: A REVIEW
Amos AnyeshaAudu, Douglas Samson Iya, Danjuma Hassan Naisla,
EFFECT OF FEDERAL GOVERNMENT DEPOSIT ON THE CORE BANKING ACTIVITY IN NIGERIA
1ADESINA, OlufemiDadepo, 2 OLATISE, Felix Afolabi
EFFECT OF FEDERAL GOVERNMENT DEPOSIT ON THE CORE BANKING ACTIVITY IN NIGERIA
1ADESINA, OlufemiDadepo, 2 OLATISE, Felix Afolabi
THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL MEDIA ON POLITICAL CULTURE IN NIGERIA: A POLITICAL PERCEPTION OF STATE ASSEMBLY MEMBERS FROM 2015 ELECTIONS TO DATE
Yusuf Mamman
WORDS AND WORDS FORMATION PROCESSES IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE
Shehu Ibrahim Yarkofoji
MEDIATING EFFECT OF ETHICAL CLIMATE ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AND ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE IN NIGERIAN EDUCATIONAL SECTOR
Sabiu Salihu Malam
INVESTIGATION INTO THE CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF EXAMINATION MALPRACTICE AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN SOKOTO METROPOLIS: IMPLICATIONS FOR COUNSELLING
Abdullahi Suleman Dange, Abubakar Boyi Sifawa,Zanab Umar Dange
INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT: A PERSPECTIVE
Yusuf Mamman and Yusuf Garba
Factors influence Examination Malpractices among Female Students of Umaru Ali Shinkafi Polytechnic Sokoto: Perceived Causes and Possible Solutions
Shehu Hashimu1, Amina A. Kwaido2 and Abdullahi S. Dange3
ACCESSING THE IMPACT OF ARABIC LANGUAGE ON ISLAM AND LITERATURE: A CASE STUDY ON STUDENT MOTIVATION TOWARDS LEARNING ARABIC LANGUAGE IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN SOKOTO
Yahaya Mohammad Boyi and Sanusi Abubakar Sulaiman
WRITING AND DICTATION
Ibrahim Shehu
WRITING AND DICTATION
Ibrahim Shehu
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CURRICULUM EVALUATION OF TEACHING ARABIC LANGUAGE IN NIGERIA
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THE CONTRIBUTION OF ARABIC LANGUAGE TO DEVELOPMENT OF NIGERIAN ECONOMY
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DETERMINANTS INFLUENCING INSURANCE DEMAND IN GUSAU METROPOLIS IN ZAMFARA STATE
Ahmad Sulaiman and Nasiru Alhaji Yau
Vol 12 No2(2019) Table Of Contents
STRATEGIES FOR PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE AGAINST FLOODING IN BIRNIN KEBBI
Nura Abdullahi Kalgo, Ashiru Mode and BunyaminAyodejiOlawumi
STRATEGIES FOR PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE AGAINST FLOODING IN BIRNIN KEBBI
Nura Abdullahi Kalgo, Ashiru Mode and BunyaminAyodejiOlawumi
PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND ANTIBACTERIAL ANALYSIS OF AQUEOUS LEAF EXTRACT OF COFFEE SENNA (CASSIA OCCIDENTALIS LINN)
Hadiza Abdullahi Sifawa, Kasimu Abubakar Shagari, Nasiru Modi, Hafiz Abubakar
PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND ANTIBACTERIAL ANALYSIS OF AQUEOUS LEAF EXTRACT OF COFFEE SENNA (CASSIA OCCIDENTALIS LINN)
Hadiza Abdullahi Sifawa, Kasimu Abubakar Shagari, Nasiru Modi, Hafiz Abubakar
AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF CRACKS ON GOVERNMENT DAY SECONDRY SCHOOL KALGO
Nura Abdullahi Kalgo, Yakubu Idris, and Ashiru Mode
DIVERSITY OF MOSQUITO LARVAE IN KWARE LOCAL GOVERNMENT SOKOTO STATE OF NIGERIA
Hafiz Abubakar, Kasimu Abubakar Shagari, Nasiru Modi
DIVERSITY OF MOSQUITO LARVAE IN KWARE LOCAL GOVERNMENT SOKOTO STATE OF NIGERIA
Hafiz Abubakar, Kasimu Abubakar Shagari, Nasiru Modi
COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH DEVELOPMENT OF BRICKS MADE FROM MUDDY CLAY AND PORTLAND CEMENT MIXTURE AS A BUILDING COMPONENTS/MATERIALS IN SOKOTO STATE-NIGERIA
Abdullahi Abubakar
APPLICATION OF MODEL ORDER REDUCTION TECHNIQUES IN ENHANCING ROTOR ANGLE STABILITY OF A POWER SYSTEM
Musa Umar, Engr. Lawal Muhammad Isa
SKILL ACQUISITION IN CARPENTRY MAINTENANCE AND JOINERY
AdamuGamboSaulawa
FACTORS INFLUENCING ACCURACY OF SPECIAL SUB-CONTRACTORS PRELIMINARY ESTIMATE
Umar Muhammad Birnin Kebbi, NuhuAbdullahiJega, Usman Muhammad and Mohammed EbayawoAbdullahi
FACTORS INFLUENCING ACCURACY OF SPECIAL SUB-CONTRACTORS PRELIMINARY ESTIMATE
Umar Muhammad Birnin Kebbi, NuhuAbdullahiJega, Usman Muhammad and Mohammed EbayawoAbdullahi
THE ROLE OF PROFESSIONALS IN MASS HOUSING CONSTRUCTION IN SOKOTO
Nura Abdullahi Kalgo, Kasimu Bello and Ashiru Mode
THE ROLE OF PROFESSIONALS IN MASS HOUSING CONSTRUCTION IN SOKOTO
Nura Abdullahi Kalgo, Kasimu Bello and Ashiru Mode
STUDENTS? WASTE DISPOSAL HABIT: A CASE STUDY OF UMARU ALI SHINKAFI POLYTECHNIC AND SHEHU SHAGARI COLLEGE OF EDUCATION SOKOTO
Abdullahi Abubakar, Tukur Alkali &Musa Umar
TRANSIENT FREE- CONVECTION FLOW OF EXOTHERMIC FLUID WITH MAGNETIC FIELD OVER A HEATED/COOLING
Tukur Shehu1 and Sadiq Shehu2
TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA; A CASE STUDY OF KEBBI, SOKOTO AND ZAMFARA STATES
Aliyu Hamza
INVESTIGATION, DEVELOPMENT, AND IMPLEMENTATION OF ELECTRONIC TEACHING EVALUATION SYSTEM (e-TES): A CASE STUDY OF UMARU ALI SHINKAFI POLYTECHNIC SOKOTO
Mansur Aliyu and Abdulaziz Rashad
UNDERSTANDING PHISHING AND SETTING-UP DEFENSIVE MECHANISM AGAINST THE ATTACKERS
Mukhtar Umar Bagarawa, Abba Nasir Mu?azu, Mansur Aliyu
UNDERSTANDING PHISHING AND SETTING-UP DEFENSIVE MECHANISM AGAINST THE ATTACKERS
Mukhtar Umar Bagarawa, Abba Nasir Mu?azu, Mansur Aliyu
COMPARATIVE PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF IMPROVED WOOD MUD STOVES
Aminu A. Ibrahim, B.G. Danshehu
PHISHING AWARENESS AMONG STUDENTS IN TERTIARY INSTITUTION
Mukhtar Umar Bagarawa,Abba Nasir Mu?azu, Mansur Aliyu
PHISHING AWARENESS AMONG STUDENTS IN TERTIARY INSTITUTION
Mukhtar Umar Bagarawa,Abba Nasir Mu?azu, Mansur Aliyu
COMPUTER SECURITY AWARENESS AND VULNERABILITIES: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY FOR TWO PUBLIC HIGHER INSTITUTIONS IN NORTH WESTERN STATES OF NIGERIA
Shiitu Abdullahi and Malam M. Aliyu
Studies On The Effects Of Relative Humidity On The Germination, Sporulation, And In - Vivo Infection Of Sphaerotheca Fuligine (Powdery Mildew) On Water Melon (Citrullus Lanathus.L)
Hayatu , M.S, and Zainab . S
1 Umaru Ali Shinkafi Polytechnic Sokoto, Nigeria LAND USE/LAND COVER AND VEGETATION (GREENBELT) CONVERSION IN SOKOTO METROPOLIS, SOKOTO STATE, NIGERIA 1986-2015
Isah Y Sokoto, 1Abdullahi Isah2
THREATS POSED TO COMPUTING DEVICES ON NETWORKS AND POSSIBLE COUNTERMEASURES.
Abubakar Ibrahim And Rilwanu Yusuf Gigane, Shehu Sidi Abubakar
THREATS POSED TO COMPUTING DEVICES ON NETWORKS AND POSSIBLE COUNTERMEASURES.
Abubakar Ibrahim And Rilwanu Yusuf Gigane, Shehu Sidi Abubakar
CYBER SECURITY THREATS AND PRACTICES IN INTERNET CAF?:
Mansur Aliyu
THE EFFECT OF IRRIGATION BY DOMESTIC WASTEWATER ON SOIL PROPERTIES IN KOFAR KWARE IRRIGATION FARMS, SOKOTO-NIGERIA
Tukur Alkali and Abdullahi Abubakar
DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF SHEA NUT DECORTICATING MACHINE
Yushau Aliyu and S. U. Yunusa