BEAM JOURNAL OF ARTS AND SCIENCE
The Beam is a multi-disciplinary peer-reviewed academic journal of Umaru Ali Shinkafi Polytechnic Sokoto State. It is dedicated to the scholarly study in all disciplines of knowledge. Though, more attention is on original researches conducted in the areas of Arts and Humanities (i.e. Education, History, Linguistics, English, Hausa, Arabic, Islamic studies etc.), Social Sciences (Geography, Economics, Sociology, Political science etc.), and Management Sciences (Business administration, Public administration, Accounting etc.). The four types of academic contributions considered for publication in this journal are: research articles reporting findings of original work, book reviews, short research notes and opinion papers from renowned scholars.

Editorial
I have the pleasure to introduce to the academic community and the rest of the reading public, the 9th edition of The Beam: Journal of Arts & Science, Umaru Ali Shinkafi Polytechnic Sokoto. This journal aims at disseminating discoveries as well as other research output and findings in the art and science disciplines towards achieving sustainable educational development in Nigeria. Thus, all articles published in this journal have been subjected to extensive review process to ensure originality and conformity with the required academic standards of writings. However, opinions and views expressed in such articles remain the ownership of the respective authors. It is my hope that this 9th edition will not only find good reading among intellectuals and academics but will also contribute immensely to the promotion of academic standard and by extension, to the socio-economic well-being of our society.

I wish you a happy reading.

Thank you.

Prof. Aminu. A. Ibrahim
Editor-in-Chief
(Rector, Umaru Ali Shinkafi Polytechnic Sokoto)



Vol 11(2017) Table Of Contents
THE CONCEPT OF DISCOURSE ANALYSIS
Hajara Yahaya Bello
THE CONCEPT OF DISCOURSE ANALYSIS
Hajara Yahaya Bello
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN SCIENCE IN BIRNIN KEBBI METROPOLIS, KEBBI STATE, NIGERIA
Mohammed Mijinyawa, Yakubu M. Yeldu, Zayyanu Umar and Habu Bala Hussaini
MICROFINANCE BANKS IN NIGERIA BENEFITS AND CHALLENGES
Garba Yusuf, Muhammadu Buhari Dodo
MICROFINANCE BANKS IN NIGERIA BENEFITS AND CHALLENGES
Garba Yusuf, Muhammadu Buhari Dodo
THEORETICAL APPROACH TO ECONOMIC REFORMS AND ITS IMPLICATION ON NATIONAL SECURITY IN NIGERIA
Muhammad Adamu ,Abubakar Abdullahi
CRITERIA FOR EVALUATION IN THE LANGUAGE CLASSROOM
Hajara Yahaya Bello and Mode Marafa
CRITERIA FOR EVALUATION IN THE LANGUAGE CLASSROOM
Hajara Yahaya Bello and Mode Marafa
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PRINCIPALÍS LEADERSHIP STYLE AND SCHOOL CLIMATE IN KATSINA STATE TECHNICAL COLLEGES, NIGERIA
Sani Barau
USING CONVERSATION TO MEAN:ON THE TECHNICAL ASPECTS OF CONVERSATION ANALYSIS (C.A.)
Yakubu M. Bello and Shehu U. Bello
HARNESSING THE PROSPECTS OF TECHNICAL VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING IN NIGERIA (TVET)
Abdulkadir Magatakarda and Abubakar G. Ibrahim
E-GOVERNANCE AND CITIZEN PARTICIPATION IN NIGERIA
Akinola Adeyemi Adewale
WHEN AND WHERE DISCOURSE IS CONVERSATION
Yakubu M. Bello and Shehu U. Bello
WHEN AND WHERE DISCOURSE IS CONVERSATION
Yakubu M. Bello and Shehu U. Bello
VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AS A STIMULUS FOR HUMAN AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
Abdulkadir Magarakarda, Abubakar G. Ibrahim and Abdullahi Isah Sokoto
VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AS A STIMULUS FOR HUMAN AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
Abdulkadir Magarakarda, Abubakar G. Ibrahim and Abdullahi Isah Sokoto
THE EFFECTS OF SOCIAL MEDIA ON THE SOCIO-CULTURAL LIFE OF STUDENTS IN TERTIARY EDUCATION IN NIGERIA
Olorunsogbon B. F. &Ajibade O. E.
TECHNOLOGY ENHANCED-MARKETABILITY OF ACADEMIC PRODUCTS: THE SOCIAL MEDIA PERSPECTIVE
Tamunoene, Goddyson A. and Owonte Lucy Horace
TACKLING SECURITY AND ECONOMIC CHALLENGES IN NIGERIA: THE ROLE OF MATHEMATICS EDUCATION
Kabir Yunusa G.
SOCIO-LINGUISTIC ISSUES ON DIALECT AND LANGUAGE, REGIONAL DIALECTS, SOCIAL DIALECTS, REGISTERS, BELIEFS, AND STYLES
Mamuda Dahiru Tambawal and Sanusi Altine Binanachi
"SYNTACTIC THEORY AND TRADITIONAL GRAMMAR, THE USEFULNESS OF SYNTACTIC THEORY "
Sanusi Altine Binanchi
SOCIAL MEDIA AND THE 2015 NIGERIAN PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION
Eshemokha Austin Maho
PLANNING FOR INQUIRY-BASED SCIENCE EDUCATION IN NIGERIA
Abdulkarim Abdulmumin Manga
GLOBAL FINANCIAL CRISIS EFFECT, ON GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT (GDP) AND THE NIGERIA CAPITAL MARKET
Anyesha Amos Audu, Maku Sampson Hassan, and Mercy A. Daniel
FUNDAMENTAL HUMAN RIGHTS: A LIMITATION
Zainab, U. Dange. Adamu M. H and Shehu, Hashimu.
FUNDAMENTAL HUMAN RIGHTS: A LIMITATION
Zainab, U. Dange. Adamu M. H and Shehu, Hashimu.
THE CONCEPT OF DISCOURSE ANALYSIS
Yakubu M. Bello and Shehu U. Bello
THE CONCEPT OF DISCOURSE ANALYSIS
Yakubu M. Bello and Shehu U. Bello
FASAHAR BAHAUSHE TA FUSKAR NOMA, SASSAKA, JIMA, KIRA, DUKANCI DA MAKAMANTAN SU
Abubakar Dan Hassan Sanyinna, Abubakar danillela and Sani Ibrahim Sanyinnawal
FASAHAR BAHAUSHE TA FUSKAR NOMA, SASSAKA, JIMA, KIRA, DUKANCI DA MAKAMANTAN SU
Abubakar Dan Hassan Sanyinna, Abubakar danillela and Sani Ibrahim Sanyinnawal
HAUSA FULANI A IDON NA KUSA DA NA NESA
Muhammad Abubakar Zabi
EDITION AND STUDY OF A BOOK “SHIFAUL ALASKAM FI MAARIFAT MADARIKIL AL-HKAM” (CURING OF SICKNESS IN RELATION TO KNOWLEDGE OF ISLAMIC LAWS)
Rufai Hussaini
The Phenomenon of Homonyms in Arabic and English languages
Nasiru Mainasara
SENTENCE ANALYSIS OF ARABIC SIX NAMESBETWEEN BUSRISM AND CUPISM SCHOOL OF THOUGHT A COMPARATIVE STUDY
Nasir Mainasara, Abubakar Ibrahim
A LEXICO-SEMANTIC EXPLICATION OF J.P. CLARK’S “NIGHT RAIN”
Odoemenam, Temple Chibuezel1 Ordu, Rosemary Chiyere Omoghie, Ikphemhosimhe Aslem
A LEXICO-SEMANTIC EXPLICATION OF J.P. CLARK’S “NIGHT RAIN”
Odoemenam, Temple Chibuezel1 Ordu, Rosemary Chiyere Omoghie, Ikphemhosimhe Aslem
THE ROLES OF ZAKAT FOUNDATION IN POVERTY REDUCTION IN SOKOTO STATE
Aminu Isah Alkammawa
CARTOON AS A DEVICE FOR POLITICAL CRITIQUE IN NIGERIAN NEWSPAPERS
Nasiru Alhaji Salihu and BuikeOparaugo